Some basic questions along with answers

Some basic questions along with answers

· What or who is Salaf?
· What is Salafiyyah?
· Who is a Salafee?
· Is it another party/group?
· What is the call of Da’watus-Salafiyah?
· Allaah Has Named us Muslims, So Why Ascribe Ourselves to the Salaf?
· So Who Are Ahl ul-Hadith?

What or who is Salaf?

The word Salaf is a shortened version of the word Salafus-Saalih, which means the Righteous Predecessors. It refers specifically to the first three generations of Islaam. The first, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam & his Sahaabah (companions). The second, the Taabi’een (the followers of the companions). The third, the Tabaa’at-Taabi’een (the followers of the followers of the companions). Generally, this term refers to all those pious predecessors who followed the way of the Salaf and who have preceded us in time.

· What is Salafiyyah?

It is the way of following the Salaf, in creed/belief, speech and actions, regardless of time or location. It is to understand and implement the religion as was understood and implemented by the Salaf. Following it exactly to the best of ones ability, and to beware and refrain from that which opposes it.


· Who is a Salafee?

 The person who ascribes and adheres to the way of the Salaf. Just like the one born in a certain country is called the countryman of that country, due to his ascription to it. In other words the person who says “I am one who ascribes myself to the way of Salafus-Saalih, who are the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam & his Sahaabah, the Taabi’een, and the Tabaa’at-Taabi’een in creed, speech and actions.” It should be noted that a mere claim is not sufficient to establish the proof that one adheres to it.

· Is salafiyah another party/group?

 No it is NOT a party from among the parties, regardless of what people may claim. It is only an ascription to the Salafus-Saalih and their methodology, and calling to this noble methodology. It has NO Imaam, except for Abul-Qaasim Muhammad ibn Abdillaah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam.
Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan was asked, “Is Salafiyyah a hizb (party) from amongst the parties. And is ascribing to them (i.e. the Salafis) a blameworthy thing?”
To which he replied, “As-Salafiyyah (i.e. the Salafis) is the Saved Sect, and they are Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah. It is not a hizb (party) from amongst the various parties, those which are called “parties” today. Rather they are the Jamaa’ah, the Jamaa’ah upon the Sunnah and upon the Deen (religion). They are Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah. The Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said, “There will not cease to be a group from my Ummah manifest and upon the truth not being harmed by those who forsake them neither by those who oppose them” and he (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) also said, “And this Ummah will split into seventy-three sects, all of them in the Hellfire but one”. They said, which one is this O Messenger of Allaah? He replied, “They are those who are upon what I and my companions are upon today”. Hence Salafiyyah is a group of people (i.e. the Salafis) upon the madhhab of the Salaf, upon what the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) and his companions were upon and it is not a hizb from amongst the contemporary groups present today. Rather it is the very old Jamaa’ah, from the time of the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) which inherits (this way) and continues, and which never ceases to be upon the manifest truth until the establishment of the Hour, as he (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) has informed (us).” (Cassette: “at-Tahdheer min al-Bid’ah” second cassette, delivered as a lecture in Hawtah Sadeer, 1416H).

· What is the call of Da’watus-Salafiyah?

 It is the pure religion which calls to Tawheed (singling out Allaah) and sincerity of worship. The call of all the prophets and messengers. –Allaamah Ubayd al-Jaabiree

· Allaah Has Named us Muslims, So Why Ascribe Ourselves to the Salaf?

 

Shiekh Salim Al Hilalee

Answer: We will present to the noble reader a short debate that occurred between our Shaikh (i.e. Al-Albaanee), rahimahullaah, and the professor ‘Abdul-Haleem Abu Shaqqah, author of the book “The woman’s liberation during the time of the Revelation”:

The Shaikh said: “If it is said to you ‘What is your madh-hab’, what will you say?”

He said: I will say: “I am Muslim.”

The Shaikh said: “This is not sufficient.”

He said: “But Allaah has named us Muslims.” And then he recited the verse: “It is He who has named you Muslims since before.” [Surah Al-Hajj: 78]

So the Shaikh said: “This is a correct answer – if we were living during the first generation, before the spreading of groups. So if we were to ask any Muslim today, from these groups that we differ with fundamentally in Creed, his response would not be any different from this word, for all of them – the Shi’ee, the Raafidee, the Khaarijee, the Durzee, the Nusairee, the ‘Alawee – would say ‘I am Muslim.’ So this is not sufficient in these days.”

He said: “So then I will say: ‘I am a Muslim upon the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.’”

So the Shaikh said: “This is also not sufficient.”

He said: “Why not?”

The Shaikh said: “Do you find any person from the people we have just used as an example saying: ‘I am a Muslim that is not upon the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.’ Which person will say that he is not upon the Qur’aan and the Sunnah?” Then the Shaikh began to explain to him the importance of this supplemental phrase, which we have adopted. And it is: The Qur’aan and the Sunnah with the understanding of the Salaf As-Saalih (righteous predecessors).

He said: “So then I am a Muslim on the Qur’aan and the Sunnah with the understanding of the Salaf As-Saalih (righteous predecessors).”

The Shaikh said: “So if someone were to ask you what is your madh-hab, you would tell him that?”

He said: “Yes.”

So the Shaikh said: “What do you think if we were to shorten that linguistically, for the best types of speech is that which is short but has a lot of meaning? So let us (just) say: I am a Salafee.”

He said: “I could be polite to you and say yes, but my belief is the same as before. Because when people hear that you are a Salafee, the first thing that will come into their minds are occurrences in which they experienced harshness from some of the extremists amongst the Salafees.”

The Shaikh said: “Assuming your words were correct, if you said: ‘I am a Muslim’, will they not think that you are a Shi’ee or a Raafidee or a Durzee or an Isma’eelee, etc.?”

He said: “Possibly, but I would have followed the noble verse: ‘It is He who has named you Muslims.’”

So the Shaikh said: “No, my brother! You did not follow the verse because the verse refers to the correct form of Islaam. It is necessary that you speak to the people according to their levels of comprehension – will anyone understand from you that you are a Muslim according to the intended meaning of the verse?

And the things that you warned about just now may be correct or they may not because your mentioning ‘harshness’ – this can be found in some individuals, but not as a methodology of belief and knowledge. So leave the individuals to the side for we are talking about the methodology. This is since if we were to say: ‘Shi’ee’ or ‘Durzee’ or ‘Khaarijee’ or ‘Sufi’ or ‘Mu’tazilee’, these same things that you warned about (i.e. harshness) would appear from them (also).”

So this is not our discussion. We are looking for a name that provides an indication of a person’s belief, which he worships Allaah with.”

Then the Shaikh said: “Were not all of the Sahaabah Muslims?”

He said: “Of course.”

The Shaikh said: “But in spite of this, there was among them those who stole and those who fornicated, but this did not lead any of them to say: ‘I am not a Muslim.’ Rather, he was a Muslim – a believer in Allaah and His Messenger SAWS as a methodology – however he would contradict his methodology at times, for he was not infallible.

Therefore, may Allaah bless you, we are talking about a word that indicates our belief, our ideas, and our source of reference in our life in that which is related to the affairs of our religion, which we worship Allaah by. And as for this person being harsh and that person being lenient, then that is another matter.”

Then the Shaikh said: “I want you to contemplate on this concise word until you no longer persist in (just using) the word Muslim. And you know well that there doesn’t exist anyone that will understand what you are intending to say at all, so speak to the people according to their levels of comprehension. And May Allaah bless you for your compliance.·

So Who Are Ahl ul-Hadith?

 Author: Shaikh Rabee’ bin Haadee al-Madkhalee
Source: Makaanat Ahl ul-Hadith (trans. by Bilal Davies, forthcoming SP release) They are those who proceed upon the way of the Companions and those who followed them in righteousness, in clinging to the Book and the Sunnah, biting onto that with their molar teeth, and letting them (i.e., the Qur’aan and the Sunnah) take precedence over any statement or code and conduct – whether in belief, or acts of worship such as dealings and transactions, mannerisms, politics or social life. They are those who are firm in regards to the fundamentals of the religion and its subsections, upon that which Allaah sent down and revealed upon his servant and Messenger Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam). They are those establishing the call to that with all effort, sincerity and firm will. They are those carrying the knowledge of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam), expelling from it the distortions of those who have exaggerated (in its regard) and the undue claims of the people of falsehood and the interpretations of the ignorant ones. They are those who are observant and lie in wait for every group that has deviated from the way of Islaam, like the Jahmees and the Mu’tazilees and the Khawaarij and the Rawaafidh and the Murji’ah and the Qadriyyah and all of those who have deviated from the way of Allaah and have followed their desires in every time and place – they not affected by the reproach of the blamers, in the cause of Allaah. They are the group that the Messenger of Allaah has praised and commended in his saying, “There will not cease to be a group from my Ummah manifest and upon the truth not being harmed by those who forsake them neither by those who oppose them until the hour is established.” [1]
They are the Saved Sect firm upon that which the Messenger and his Companions were upon, those who have been distinguished and defined by the Messenger of Allaah when he mentioned that this Ummah shall divide into seventy three sects all going to the Hell-fire except one and it was said, “Who are they, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “They are those who are upon that which I and my Comapnions are upon.”  And this is not something we say in exageration or a mere claim, but verily we speak a reality that the text of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah bears witness to, which history bears witness to, and to which their (i.e., the Ahlul-Hadeeth’s) statements, their state of affairs, their writings and works also bear witness to. They are those who put before their eyes the statement of Allaah: And hold fast, all of you together, to the rope of Allaah. [2]
And His statement: And let those who oppose the Messengers commandment beware lest some fitnah befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them. [3]
They are the most staunch in distancing themselves from opposing the command of the Messenger and the most distant from fitnah. They are those who make their constitution: But no, by your Lord! They can have no faith, until they make you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam)) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no
resistance against your decisions, and accept them with full submission [4]
They are those who give to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah their true worth and give it the honour and veneration it deserves, giving priority to them over all the statements of mankind, and give precedence to their guidance over the guidance of all the people, and they judge by them in all affairs with complete pleasure, with chests which are expanded and free of restraint or constriction, and they submit to Allaah and His Messenger (with) a complete submission in their ‘aqeedah and their worship and their dealings. They are those concerning whom the statement of Allaah holds true: The only saying of the faithful believers when they are called to Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) to judge between them, is that they say, “We hear and we obey,” and such are the prosperous ones.[5]
They after all of the Comapanions – and at the head of them the rightly guided  Caliphs – are the leaders of the taabi’een and at the head of them: Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib (d. 90H), ‘Urwah ibn Zubair (d. 94H), ‘Alee ibn al-Hussain Zain al-’Aabideen (d. 93H), Muhammad ibn Hanafiya (d. 80H), ‘Ubaydullaah ibn ‘Abdillaah ibn ‘Utbah ibn Mas’ood (d. 94H or later), Saleem ibn ‘Abdillaah ibn ‘Umar (d. 106H), Qaasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abee Bakr as-Sadeeq (d. 106H), al-Hasan al-Basree (d. 110H), Muhammad ibn Sireen (d. 110H), ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul-’Azeez (d. 101H) and Muhammad ibn Shihaab az-Zuhree (d. 125H).
Then the Atbaa’at-Taabi’een and at the head of them: Imaam Maalik (d. 179H), al-Awzaa’ee (d. 157H), Sufiyaan ibn Sa’eed ath-Thawree (d. 161H), Sufyaan ibn Uyayna (d198H), Ismaa’eel ibn Ubya??? (d. 193H), Layth ibn Sa’d (d. 175H) and Aboo Haneefah an-Nu’maan (d. 150H).
Then those who followed them and at the head of them: ‘Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak (d. 181H), Wakee’ ibn al-Jarraah (d. 197H), the Imaam Muhammad ibn Idrees ash-Shaafi’ee (d. 204H), ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Mahdee (d. 198H), Yahya ibn Sa’eed al-Qataan (d198H) and Afaan ibn Muslim (d. 219H).Then their students who followed them in this methodology, and at the head of them: the Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 241H), Yahya ibn Ma’een (d. 233H) and ‘Alee ibn al-Madeenee (d. 234H). Then their students like al-Bukhaaree (d. 256H), Muslim (d. 261H), Abee Haatim (d. 277H), Abee Zara’ (Aboo Zur’ah?) (d. 264H), Aboo Daawood (d. 275H), at-Tirmidhee (d. 279H) and an-Nasaa’ee (d. 303H).Then those who proceeded in their way in the generations that preceded them, like Ibn Jareer (at-Tabaree?) (d. 310H), Ibn Khuzaymah (d. 311H), ad-Daaraqutnee d. 385H) in his time, al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee (d. 463H) and Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr an-Niwaaree (d. 463H).
And ‘Abdul-Ghanee al-Maqdasee (d. 620H), Ibn Salaah (d. 643H), Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H), al-Mizzee (d. 743H), adh-Dhahabee (d. 748H), Ibn Katheer (d. 774H) and their contemporaries who lived in their time and those who came after them, and followed their footsteps in holding on to the Book and the Sunnah up until the present day.
These are who I mean by Ahlul-Hadeeth.NOTES
[1] Hadeeth saheeh, collected by Muslim (3/1523), Ahmad (5/278-279), Aboo Dawood
(3/4), Tirmidhee (4/420), Ibn Maajah (1/4-5), Haakim (4/449-450), at-Tabaraanee in Mu’jam al-Kabeer (7643) and Aboo Daawood at-Tayaalisi (p. 94, no. 689). Authenticated by al-Albaanee in As-Saheehah (270-1955).
[1] Hadeeth saheeh, collected by Muslim (3/1523), Ahmad (5/278-279), Aboo Dawood
(3/4), Tirmidhee (4/420), Ibn Maajah (1/4-5), Haakim (4/449-450), at-Tabaraanee in Mu’jam al-Kabeer (7643) and Aboo Daawood at-Tayaalisi (p. 94, no. 689).
Authenticated by al-Albaanee in As-Saheehah (270-1955).source www.calgaryislam.com   EbookAnd for further understanding and proof of it you may download the beautiful lecture given by Imaam Albani rahimallah by clicking below the link   This is our Call by Imaam Al Bani

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s