How can I verify the sources of the hadeeths quoted in the fatwas on the Islam Q&A website?
Now when I try to look for hadeeth no. 666 in the electronic version of Saheeh Muslim, or even in the full translation of Saheeh Muslim (7 vols, published by Darussalam), I found that the hadeeth is different from the one that you quoted. I want to be pro-active in learning my religion by researching in the sources of Qur’an and hadeeth, to make sure that what I am learning is sound, instead of following like a flock of sheep and regarding Islam as a cultural matter only, as is the case with the majority of Muslims nowadays. Could you please explain to me what I am doing wrong, and advise me as to how I can verify the soundness of the hadeeths? May Allah reward you with good.
Verifying knowledge is one of the ways of the righteous early generations, and we invite all readers to follow their example and adhere to their way, because it is the way of protecting oneself from slipping and falling into error. If the people were to follow this way, knowledge would become deeply entrenched in their hearts, their knowledge would be sound, and people would focus on the most important branches of knowledge.
Imam ash-Shawkaani (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
Once it is understood that the ordinary Muslim should ask the scholar, and the one who is lacking in knowledge should ask the one who has acquired a high level of knowledge, then he should ask people of knowledge who are known for their religious commitment and piety, as well as deep knowledge of the Qur’an and Sunnah, and is well versed in both, along with knowledge of other fields that help him to understand the Qur’an and Sunnah. Then he can put his question to him, asking him to quote to him whatever in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) contains an answer to his problem. Then in that case he will be able to get a true answer from the source (i.e., Qur’an and Sunnah) and learn the ruling on the right basis. Thus he will have no need for any other views which, if he followed them, he could not be sure that he will not fall into error that is contrary to sharee‘ah and is different from the true answer. Whoever follows this methodology will be able to get what he wants and find someone to guide him to the truth.
End quote. Irshaad al-Fuhool, 2/250
If the reader of our website wants to verify the soundness of the information mentioned in the fatwas, he has two ways of doing so:
He may refer to Islamic programs that contain texts of Islamic knowledge; with these programs, he can enter part of the text quoted in the fatwa, whether the text is a hadeeth or a report or the words of one of the scholars. If the program contains the book quoted from, the result will appear, in sha Allah. Undoubtedly this way is easiest for the researcher and is the quickest way of getting results, and is readily available to all researchers.
The second way is referring to books and printed sources. This is also very useful for the reader, as he will get used to checking the books of the scholars against one another, and he will get to know them in a real way. But this is a way that requires more effort and access to a large library that is rich in original sources.
To make it easier for readers to find out the sources used by our website in producing fatwas, we should point out that quotations given in the fatwas come only from one of the following sources:
The Holy Qur’an
In all our fatwas, we give the number of the verse and the name of the soorah from which it is quoted.
In the case of hadeeth, we only mention the number of the hadeeth itself, without the volume or page numbers. That is because there are many editions of the books of hadeeth. Although there are differences in numbering of the hadeeths, these differences are less than the differences in volume and page numbers. When giving the numbers of hadeeth, we base it on the most well-known editions, which use the numbering given by Prof Muhammad Fu’aad ‘Abd al-Baaqi (may Allah have mercy on him).
Saheeh Muslim: numbering given by Prof Muhammad Fu’aad ‘Abd al-Baaqi (may Allah have mercy on him).
Sunan Abi Dawood: numbering given by Shaykh Muhammad Muhiy ad-Deen ‘Abd al-Hameed (may Allah have mercy on him).
Jaami‘ at-Tirmidhi: numbering given by al-‘Allaamah Ahmad Shaakir (may Allah have mercy on him).
Sunan an-Nasaa’i: numbering given by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Fattaah Abu Ghuddah (may Allah have mercy on him).
Sunan Ibn Maajah: numbering given by Prof Muhammad Fu’aad ‘Abd al-Baaqi (may Allah have mercy on him).
Musnad Ahmad: if the number of the hadeeth is given, what is meant is the numbering given by Ihya’ at-Turaath. If the number of the volume and page is given, what is meant is the first edition which was printed in six volumes. If the quotation is from the new edition published by Mu’sasat ar-Risaalah, that is clearly stated.
If you have on your computer the hadeeth program produced by the Harf company, which is one of the best and most precise computer programs covering the Sunnah, then you can choose the numbering system for the hadeeths under “Options”, selecting the one which matches the printed editions mentioned. If you do that, you will get the correct result as we mentioned.
However, the most effective way of searching is to search for a few words of the text in question, so that you will get results more readily, even if the numbering is different.
With regard to other hadeeth books, the edition quoted from may vary from one fatwa to another, because of the variation in the sources available to the researchers who prepare the answers for our website, and the variation in editions used.
Anyone who wants to verify a particular hadeeth that is quoted on our website from books of hadeeth other than those mentioned above may contact us, and we will inform him of the edition from which the hadeeth is quoted, in sha Allah. However the basic principle is that we quote from the most well-known edition of all books, but that may not be clear to the non-specialist reader, so there is nothing wrong with contacting us and we will explain it to him.
Books of the scholars
There is also no one particular edition that is used in all fatwas on our website, although we have tried our utmost to quote from the best editions of the scholars’ books, and those which have been most thoroughly checked. In fact, we often give the name of the edition used in the text of the fatwa. But variations may occur, hence we hope that anyone who wants to know the source of a quotation will contact us with his question, so that we can tell him the name of the edition, in sha Allah.
With regard to quotations from other websites, in that case we give the link that will take the reader to the original website from which we took the information. The link usually appears beneath the quoted text.
We also sometimes quote from the program al-Maktabah ash-Shaamilah, if we do not know of a book except through this program. We will state that, if the numbering of the book does not match the printed edition.
And Allah knows best.