Comment on the publication “Thirty supplications (du‘aa’s) for the thirty days of Ramadan”
On some websites there has appeared a well-known publication entitled “Thirty supplications for the thirty days of Ramadan”. The supplication (du‘aa’) for the first day is: “O Allah, make my fast during it (Ramadan) the fast of those who fast; make my qiyaam (voluntary prayers at night) during it the qiyaam of those who pray qiyaam; wake me during it from the sleep of those who are heedless; forgive me my sin during it, O God of the worlds; grant me pardon, O Pardoner of the sinners.” The supplication for the second day is: “O Allah, bring me closer during it to that which pleases You; keep me away during it from that which incurs Your wrath and displeasure; enable me during it to recite Your verses, by Your mercy, O Most merciful of those who show mercy.” The supplication for the third day is: “O Allah, grant me during it alertness and clear-mindedness; keep me away during it from foolishness; grant me a share of all goodness that You send down during it, by Your munificence, O Most Munificent of those who show munificence.” The supplication for the thirtieth day is: “O Allah, make my fasting during it based on gratitude and acceptance of that which pleases you and the Messenger, by virtue of our master Muhammad and his family, the pure, and praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds.”
What is the ruling on using this publication, distributing it and publishing it? And what is the ruling on reciting the supplications in it during Ramadan?
Praise be to Allah.
“Supplication is worship,” as the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said; narrated by at-Tirmidhi and others with a saheeh isnaad. The basic principle with regard to acts of worship is tawqeef (i.e., it is not permissible to worship Allah, may He be exalted, through any act of worship unless this act of worship is proven in the shar‘i texts (Qur’aan and Sunnah) to be an act of worship that was prescribed by Allah) and disallowance (of anything that is not expressly prescribed). Therefore it is not permissible to invent acts of worship or to limit them to a particular time or occasion, unless the Islamic teachings indicate that.
So it is not permissible for anyone to prescribe for the people supplications to be said at specific times.
For more information, please see the answers to questions no. 21902 and 27237.
Supplication (du‘aa’) during Ramadan is encouraged, but this encouragement does not make it permissible for anyone to make up supplications by himself and say that they are to be recited at specific times, as if they are Prophetic supplications. Rather the Muslim may offer supplication for whatever he likes of good in this world and in the Hereafter, in whatever words are easy for him, at any time.
An example of that is something that the scholars have warned against doing, but it is widespread among the common folk, namely reciting specific supplications in each circuit of tawaaf (circumambulation of the Ka‘bah) or lap of sa‘i (going between as-Safa and al-Marwah) during Hajj and ‘Umrah.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
It is not permissible in this tawaaf, or any other tawaaf, or in sa‘i, to recite a specific dhikr or a specific du‘aa’. As for what some people have invented of reciting specific dhikrs or du‘aa’s in each circuit of tawaaf and each lap of sa‘i, there is no basis for that; rather whatever one is able to say of dhikr and du‘aa’ is sufficient.
Fataawa ash-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (16/61, 62)
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
There is no specific du‘aa’ for each circuit (of tawaaf); rather specifying a particular du‘aa’ for each circuit is a kind of innovation (bid‘ah), because that was not narrated from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). All that has been narrated is to say takbeer when touching the Black Stone, and to say“Rabbana aatina fi’d-dunya hasanatan wa fi’l-aakhirati hasanah wa qina ‘adhaab an-naar (Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire)” [al-Baqarah 2:201] between ar-Rukn al-Yamaani (the Yemeni Corner) and the Black Stone. As for the rest, it is dhikr, recitation of Qur’an and du‘aa’ in general terms, and there is nothing specific to be recited in one circuit and not another.
Majmoo‘ Fataawa ash-Shaykh al-‘Uthaymeen (22/336)
And another thing:
In the supplication for the last day, there is something that is reprehensible and contrary to Islamic teaching: namely tawassul (seeking to draw closer to Allah) in the supplication by virtue of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and by virtue of the members of his household.
We have previously explained that this kind of tawassul in supplication is bid‘ah (an innovation), and we have quoted the words of the scholars concerning it, in the answer to question no. 125339.
The Muslim should not participate in the propagation of this publication; rather he should warn against it to the best of his ability. The Muslim should understand that there is nothing good in innovations by means of which he seeks to draw closer to his Lord, for the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Every innovation is a going astray.” Narrated by Muslim (867).
See the hadeeths which confirm the prohibition on introducing innovations into religion, and the words of the scholars warning against innovation, in the answers to questions no. 118225 and 864.